Katherine walked into a newspaper office， and demanded to see the editor. Fortunately， the editor was passing the inquiry office when she asked for him. Seeing she was a girl of school age， he thought it might offer him an amusing five minutes between interviews.
Katherine was very rude to him when he told her they didn‘t accept schoolgirls. She said she was surprised that the editor of a great London newspaper did not know how to behave like a gentleman. The editor sat back in his chair and laughed heartily. He had never been spoken to like that in his life. He rather liked it for its novelty. After some further conversation， in which Katherine attempted to persuade him that she could do anything he wanted， from writing a leading article to a serial story， she said： “I am not going to leave this room until you put me on the staff!”
Then the editor had to speak to her rather seriously， and told her what a great London newspaper meant to a girl and how utterly ignorant she was of everything that would make her useful as a journalist. Upon this Katherine burst into tears， and the editor， who had dismissed many men in the course of his career， walked up and down the room wondering what he could do for this extraordinary young girl whose tearful eyes were so full of disappointment.
“Look here，” he said， “if you come to me in two years‘ time， with a knowledge of shorthand， and if you promise not to shed tears on my blotting paper， I will give you something to do.”
“Really? If you don‘t mind， I’ll have it in black and white，” said the girl.
The editor was startled. He began to think that this young girl was not so young as she looked. He drafted out an agreement for her on the lines laid down with a great deal of solemnity(嚴肅)which he found quite amusing， for he was confident that the young girl might quite as well change her mind or would be engaged to a nice boy long before the agreement took effect.
1. The real reason why the editor decided to interview the girl was that he _____.
A. heard her asking for him
B. was not very busy
C. thought it would amuse him
D. liked to work with young girls
答案：A.答題依據是第一段最后一句話“It‘s amazing how many candidates to eliminate themselves，” “he say. 和第二段第一句Resumes arrive with stains.前一句是結果，后一句是原因。題干中job applicants，rejected分別與文中candidates，eliminate對應。答案選項中的carelessness與文中stain對應。
2. “He rather liked it for its novelty” means he liked it because it was _____.
答案：C.答題時首先要依靠上下文。第三段第一句話中的too…to結構是設問：我們會不會對細節過份注重?第二句話中struggle over little things at the cost of something larger they work toward意思是：以犧牲要做的大事為代價而注重一些雞毛蒜皮的小事。由此可見Perfectionists(完美主義者)是一種事無巨細一概追求盡善盡美，但往往又失去主要目標的人。后一句To keep from the forest for the trees相當于中文的“只見樹木不見森林”，“抓了芝麻丟了西瓜”一類說法。答題時還應搞清這一段在全文語篇發展中所起的承上啟下的作用。本文前兩段是批評人們粗枝大葉，不拘小節。這一段轉而告誡人們不要過于拘泥于小節，吹毛求疵，而應該在注意細節的同時不忘整體。
3. The editor walked up and down the room， because he was _____.
A. rather angry with her
B. afraid other people would hear her crying
C. not sure whether he should dismiss her or not
D. trying to make a decision
答案：A.推理依據有兩處，第一處是第三段第二句話中struggle over little things at the cost of something larger，言下之意是：過于注重細節往往要付出很大代價。另一處是文章最后一段的最后一句話，意思是：只要人們把手頭的一件件小事做好就可能得到很大的報償。根據這兩處所述，我們可以推斷，作者會這樣勸告人們“雖然過于注重細節可能要付出大的代價，但我們還是不應該忽略它們”。
4. As their conversation continued， the editor _____.
A. changed his opinion of the girl
B. grew tired of her
C. became annoyed
D. thought she was too uneducated
答案：D.首先要考慮作者在第三段的后半部分引用Charles Garfield所說的話We must constantly ask ourselves how the details we‘re working on fit into the larger picture. If they don’t， we should drop them and move to something else(我們必須不斷地問自己，當前做的細節小事是否與整體大事相適應。如果不是這樣，就應該放下它們，去做別的事)。作者的觀點是：人們在做事時應時時注意調整局部與整體的關系。那么，什么是整體?在第四段中，作者以the Apollo II moon launch為例證，具體說明：目標是整體的關鍵所在，即在做事的過程中不斷調整局部與全局的關系是為了最終實現已確定的目標。
5. When the editor drafted out the agreement for the girl， he _____.
A. hoped that this would please the girl
B. wished that it would take effect soon
C. adopted a rather serious attitude
D. didn‘t mean what he wrote
In bringing up children，every parent watches eagerly the child‘s acquisition(獲得)of each new skill-the first spoken words，the first independent steps，or the beginning of reading and writing. It is often tempting to hurry the child beyond his natural learning rate，but this can set up dangerous feeling of failure and states of worry in the child. This might happen at any stage. A baby might be forced to use a toilet too early，a young child might be encouraged to learn to read before he knows the meaning of the words he reads. On the other hand， though，if a child is left alone too much，or without any learning opportunities，he loses his natural enthusiasm for life and his desire to find out new things for himself.
Parents vary greatly in their degree of strictness towards their children. Some may be especially strict in money matters，others are severe over times of coming home at night or punctuality for meals. In general，the controls imposed represent the needs of the parents and the values of the community as much as the child‘s own happiness.
As regards the development of moral standards in the growing child，consistency is very important in parental teaching. To forbid a thing one day and excuse it the next is no foundation for morality(道德). Also，parents should realize that “example is better than precept”。If they are not sincere and do not practice what they preach(說教)，their children may grow confused and emotionally insecure when they grow old enough to think for themselves，and realize they have been to some extent fooled. A sudden awareness of a marked difference between their parent‘s principles and their moral can be a dangerous disappointment.
6. Eagerly watching the child‘s acquisition of new skills _____.
A. should be avoided
B. is universal among parents
C. sets up dangerous states of worry in the child
D. will make him lose interest in learning new things
7. In the process of children‘s learning new skills parents _____.
A. should encourage them to read before know the meaning of the words they read
B. Should not expect too much of them
C. Should achieve a balance between pushing them too hard and leaving them on their own
D. Should create as many learning opportunities as possible
8. The second paragraph mainly tells us that _____.
A. parents should be strict with their children
B. parents controls reflect only the needs of the parents and the values of the community
C. parental restriction vary， and are not always enforced for the benefit of the children alone
D. parents vary in their strictness towards their children according to the situation
解析：根據第二段第一句話“Parents vary greatly in their degree of strictness towards their children.”故選C.
9. The word “precept” (Line 4， Para.3) probably means _____.
解析：根據最后一段“If they are not sincere and do not practice what they preach(說教)”，可知precept的意思與preach相近，故選D instruction(指導)。
10. In moral matters， parents should _____.
A. observe the rules themselves
B. be aware of the marked difference between adults and children
C. forbid things which have no foundation in morality
D. consistently ensure the security of their children
解析：根據最后一段第一句“As regards the development of moral standards in the growing child， consistency is very important in parental teaching.”可知：在道德問題方面，父母的教育方式要保持一致與連貫，不能朝令夕改。故選A.
Hillary RodhamHillary Rodham Clinton released the first television spot of her Senate campaign this morning， a 30-second commercial that will begin airing statewide on Thursday. The spot， titled “First，” uses numerous still photos to highlight landmarks in Mrs. Clinton‘s career， while the voiceover says she is “more than a fist lady.”
There is no mention of Mrs. Clinton‘s rival for New York’s Senate seat， New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani.
Clinton campaign spokesman Howard Wolfson said the ad was “positive” and “biographical，” instead of focusing on the first lady‘s opponent.
Mrs. Clinton has previously aired radio ads， but has generally stayed with a strategy of making extensive campaign appearances instead of using television spots， while Giuliani has already run statewide TV ads.
Text of Hillary Commercial：
First she became a lawyer， named one of the top hundred in America.
Her first cause was children， fighting abuse and chairing the board of the Children‘s Defense Fund.
Her first priority was public schools， helping to establish teacher testing.
More than a first lady. For 30 years， she‘s fought for children and families.
As New York‘s senator， she’ll fight for better schools and heath care for children.
Hillary， Put her to work for all of us.
Clinton released the first television spot of her Senate campaign this morning， a 30-second commercial that will begin airing statewide on Thursday. The spot， titled “First，” uses numerous still photos to highlight landmarks in Mrs. Clinton‘s career， while the voiceover says she is “more than a fist lady.”
11. What does the word “air” in the first sentence mean?
12. What does “more than first lady” in the first paragraph suggest?
A. Hillary is not a first lady.
B. Hillary does much more than what a first lady is expected to do.
C. There are more women in America who does better than Hillary does.
D. Hillary is doing better than her husband.
解析：本題提問的是第一段里“more than first lady”是什么意思。在世界各地，第一夫人作為國家元首的妻子，是一國之母，她的形象一般是一個幫助總統處理好家務，并且進行一些婦女活動和慈善事業，借此來提高元首的形象。但是，希拉里作為第一夫人，她所做的超出了第一夫人的職責。她不但在社會活動中經常露臉，而且直接參與政事，開始競選起議員來了。所以，選項B應該是該題的答案。
13.Which of the following statement is true regarding the Senator campaign according the passage?
A. Hillary has appeared on TV shot for mumerous times.
B. Hillary rarely makes her public appearance.
C. Giuliani has made TV advertisement for himself.
D. Hillary has a bigger chance to win the campaign.
14. Hillary‘s campaign focuses on all the flooowing except_____.
A. children‘s health care
B. school education for children
C. combating child abuse
D. family planning policy
15.Which of the following can best serve as the title of this passage?
A. First Lady‘s Senator Campaign
B. Hillary‘s TV Advertisement
C. A Rivalry for New York‘s Senate Seat
D. The Focuses of Hillary Campaign
One hundred and thirteen million Americans have at least one bank-issued credit card. They give their owners automatic credit in stores, restaurants, and hotels, at home, across the country, and even abroad, and they make many banking services available as well. More and more of these credit cards can be read automatically, making it possible to withdraw or deposit money in scattered locations, whether or not the local branch bank is open. For many of us the“cashless society”is not on the horizon—it's already here.
While computers offer these conveniences to consumers, they have many advantages for sellers too. Electronic cash registers can do much more than simply ring up sales. They can keep a wide range of records, including who sold what, when, and to whom. This information allows businessmen to keep track of their list of goods by showing which items are being sold and how fast they are moving. Decisions to reorder or return goods to suppliers can then be made. At the same time these computers record which hours are busiest and which employees are the most efficient, allowing personnel and staffing assignments to be made accordingly. And they also identify preferred customers for promotional campaigns. Computers are relied on by manufacturers for similar reasons. Computer-analyzed marketing reports can help to decide which products to emphasize now, which to develop for the future, and which to drop. Computers keep track of goods in stock, of raw materials on hand, and even of the production process itself.
Numerous other commercial enterprises, from theaters to magazine publishers, from gas and electric utilities to milk processors, bring better and more efficient services to consumers through the use of computers.
16.According to the passage, the credit card enables its owner to _____.
A. withdraw as much money from the bank as he wishes
B. obtain more convenient services than other people do
C. enjoy greater trust from the storekeeper
D. cash money wherever he wishes to
短文第一段是關于信用卡(credit card)的。B項的根據是第一段中的They (credit cards) give their owners automatic credit in stores…和...can be read automatically.既然信用卡能在商店、餐館、旅店、家里、全國各地、甚至國外等各種場合自動給予“信用”，那么信用卡持有人當然會比其他得到更為方便的服務。A)是陪襯項，明顯不對;C)項解釋錯誤;根據withdraw or deposit money in scattered locations判斷D)項錯。
17.From the last sentence of the first paragraph we learn that _____.
A. in the future all the Americans will use credit cards
B. credit cards are mainly used in the United States today
C. nowadays many Americans do not pay in cash
D. it is now more convenient to use credit cards than before
本題是語義理解題。第一段最后一句意思是“對我們大多數人來說，‘無現金的社會’不是在地平線上(即不是剛剛出現的新事物)，在這兒已經實現了”。句中many of us指我們許多美國人，it's already here中的it指cashless society，即“不用現金支付”。顯然C)項是這句話的含義。最后一句話只談到cashless society的已經存在，既推不出A)，也推不出B)。
18.The phrase“ring up sales”(Line 2, Para. 2) most probably means _____.
A. make an order of goods
B. record sales on a cash register
C. call the sales manager
D. keep track of the goods in stock
本題考查考生根據上下文推測詞義的能力。短語所在的句子是比較級句型，根據“比較對象一致”的原則可知，ring up sales與“電子現金出納機”electronic cash register屬于同類東西。又根據下文They can keep a wide range of records，including…，可知electronic cash register能記許多東西，提供各種銷售信息，從這兩方面可猜測B項是ring up sales的意思，即現金收錄記錄機，一種功能單一的現金出納機。A)項解釋毫無根據，C)項離得太遠，D)項是electronic cash register的功能之一。故B)為最佳答案。
19.The second paragraph focuses upon the purpose of ____.
A. giving some specific examples of how businessmen rely on computers
B. convincing us how useful computers are to sellers
C. conveying computers are derived from promotion campaign
D. supporting the idea that we rely on computers completely
20.What is this passage mainly about?
A. Approaches to the commercial use of computers.
B. Conveniences brought about by computers in business.
C. Significance of automation in commercial enterprises.
D. Advantages of credit cards in business.